Message to INFODIO readers: investigative journalism, which is what this site does, takes lots of time. Visiting media looking for a quick run down on Venezuela's gargantuan corruption, have the decency to at least cite the source when plagiarising this site's content without attribution (exhibit Reuters here and here, exhibit Bloomberg here, exhibit OCCRP here). To all readers, do the right thing, the honest thing: support independent investigative journalism, help us expose rampant corruption. Note added 28/06/2021: impostors are using this site's former editor's full name, and a fake email address ( to send copyright infringement claims / take down requests to web hosting companies (exhibit Hostgator). The attempt is yet another effort paid by corrupt thugs to erase information about their criminal activities. has no issues with other websites / journalists using / posting information published here, so long as the source is properly cited.

July 2018

INFODIO leaks disprove PDVSA Litigation Trust

Not a lot to add really. David Boies lied argued in different court hearings that Venezuela's interim Attorney General, Reinaldo Muñoz Pedroza, and PDVSA's legal counsel Hilda Cabeza, could not travel outside of Venezuela to be deposed, on specific orders from President Nicolas Maduro. Folks within Venezuela's Immigration Office leaked travel logs proving otherwise.

Leaked travel logs expose Venezuelan officials' contradictions in PDVSA case

Further to the argument advanced by David Boies, regarding inability to produce Venezuelan officials Reinaldo Muñoz and Hilda Cabeza for depositions related to PDVSA US Litigation Trust case (allegedly on express orders from President Nicolas Maduro), travel logs of Muñoz and Cabeza show that they have travelled all right. Just not to where Boies wants them...

Rogelio Perez Perdomo weighs into PDVSA's Litigation Trust's (i)legality

PACER continues to be the only venue where those of us interested in PDVSA / Venezuela legal affairs can keep tabs on Nicolas Maduro's regime actions. The issue of standing, whether Litigation Trust has: 1) a valid legal footing under Venezuelan law, and 2) whether its signatories had valid powers to assign Venezuela's sovereign claims to David Boies, continues to be discussed.

Corruption 101 in Venezuela: A case of me, myself, and I

Defendants in the case brought by PDVSA US Litigation Trust are challenging its standing. It is the natural thing to do, considering parties involved in setting up the trust, and the fact that defendants' Trafigura, Glencore, Vitol, Lukoil, etc., very business model is precisely to find and operate in resource-rich, desperately-corrupt banana republics, like Venezuela.

Ruperti pulling strings in PDVSA's Swiss criminal case v Helsinge, Trafigura, Glencore et al

Further to corrupt saga behind PDVSA US Litigation Trust, there is another action that has gone almost unnoticed: a Swiss criminal probe into the affair. A separate civil lawsuit in Florida (Sargeant, III v. Maroil Trading Inc et al - 9:17-cv-81070) provides some clues as to who is calling the shots in Switzerland, and further exposes David Boies' dodgy enterprise.